Nanxin Chen, Yu Zhang, Heiga Zen, Ron J. Weiss, Mohammad Norouzi, Najim Dehak, William Chan, Interspeech 2021
Abstract: This paper introduces WaveGrad 2, a non-autoregressive generative model for text-to-speech synthesis. WaveGrad 2 is trained to estimate the gradient of the log conditional density of the waveform given a phoneme sequence. The model takes an input phoneme sequence, and through an iterative refinement process, generates an audio waveform. This contrasts to the original WaveGrad vocoder which conditions on mel-spectrogram features, generated by a separate model. The iterative refinement process starts from Gaussian noise, and through a series of refinement steps (e.g., 50 steps), progressively recovers the audio sequence. WaveGrad 2 offers a natural way to trade-off between inference speed and sample quality, through adjusting the number of refinement steps. Experiments show that the model can generate high fidelity audio, approaching the performance of a state-of-the-art neural TTS system. We also report various ablation studies over different model configurations.
Samples from WaveGrad 2
Note: Only a single model is trained. Different rows correspond to different iterative refinement schedules for inference.
|Text||Weekends at twenty three fifty.||Here are the match lineups for the
Colombia Haiti match.
|On Friday night in Bridgeport expect a temperature of minus four degrees Fahrenheit.|
|WaveGrad (Linear 1000)|
|WaveGrad (Linear 50)|
|WaveGrad (Manual 6)|
|WaveGrad 2 (Linear 1000)|
|WaveGrad 2 (Linear 50)|
|WaveGrad 2 (Manual 6)|